Size, Structure and Distribution of Transport Subsidies in Europe
The transport sector has significant environmental impacts and subsidies are a significant piece of the policy framework that influences public and private decisions about transport. This report, which was published by the European Environment Agency (EEA) and co-authored by Ecologic, provides a comprehensive picture of transport subsidies, classifying them by subsidy type and transport mode.
In this first-ever report quantifying European transport subsidies, subsidies are estimated worth at EUR 270 to 290 billion per year. The majority of these annual subsidies go to road transport (EUR 125 billion), with rail receiving EUR 73 billion, aviation receiving EUR 27-35 billion and water-borne transport receiving 14-30 billion per year.
The report [pdf, 729 KB, English] is available for download.
The report is a result of the project Transport Subsidies in Europe. In this project, Ecologic was responsible for the study design, data presentation and final report. Project partners included CE Delft and TU Dresden.