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Assessment of Climate Change Policies in the Context of the European Semester - 2014

Assessment of Climate Change Policies in the Context of the European Semester - 2014

28 Country Reports 2014
Analyzing climate policies for a green economy.

This collection of country reports assesses climate and energy policies in all 28 Members States of the European Union (EU). The reports were jointly produced by Ecologic Institute and eclareon to support the Directorate General for Climate Action (DG CLIMA) of the European Commission in its contributions to the European Semester. Focusing on the period between February 2013 and November 2013, the reports provide insight into national policy developments and progress towards the achievement of the EU’s climate and energy targets. The reports are available for download.

Each of the reports contains general background to national climate policies as well as greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions trends. A short summary at the beginning of each report gives an insight into country specific targets, key indicators, as well as the latest key policy development and identified challenges. The reports furthermore evaluate the progress that Members States made regarding the measures listed in the national GHG projections and the National Reform Programme. A detailed description of policy development in key policy areas, such as environmental taxation, energy efficiency, renewable energies, energy infrastructure, transport, and other sectors with GHG emission not covered under the EU emission trading scheme (non-ETS emissions) such as from agriculture give further valuable information.

The reports form part of the project Assessment of Climate Change Policies in the Context of the European Semester that supports DG CLIMA in strengthening climate aspects in the process of the European Semester (link is external) and the implementation of the Europe 2020 strategy (link is external).

The country reports (link is external) are also available for download on the European Commission's Website.



Velten, Eike et al. 2014: Assessment of Climate Change Policies in the Context of the European Semester. 28 Country Reports. Berlin.

Natascha Trennepohl (eclareon)
Jurga Tallat-Kelpsaite (eclareon)
Aljaz Brunec (eclareon)
Saša Rajković (eclareon)
Anna Poblocka (eclareon)
Céline Najdawi (eclareon)
Edoardo Binda Zane (eclareon)
Filip Jirouš (eclareon)
Georgios Maroulis (eclareon)
Ilze Upatniece (eclareon)
Melissa Wevers (eclareon)
Ingrid Boszoki (eclareon)
Roger Pilvik (eclareon)
Jörn Banasiak (eclareon)
Project ID
Table of Contents

Short summary
1 Background on climate and energy policies
2 GHG projections
Background information
Progress on GHG target
3 Evaluation of National Reform Programme 2013 (NRP)
4 Policy development
5 Policy progress on past CSRs
6 References

Climate, Energy, Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency, Transport, Energy Networks, Energy Infrastructure, Environmental Taxation, European Union, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Germany, Denmark, Estonia, Spain, Finland, France, Greece, Croatia, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Latvia, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sweden, Slovakia, Slovenia, United Kingdom, Europe