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Black Carbon Emissions from Kerosene Lamps - Study

Black Carbon Emissions from Kerosene Lamps - Study

Potential for a new CCAC Initiative
Reducing black carbon emissions from kerosene lighting sources promises important climate, health, and development benefits.

This study by Ecologic Institute examines the current landscape of lighting efforts and initiatives, as well as market growth and development for modern, sustainable off-grid lighting alternatives. The study considers the benefits and costs of upgrades in target regions, particularly Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. Policy recommendations are given for action from the Climate and Clean Air Coalition (CCAC) that would enhance existing efforts and achieve more rapid black carbon reductions and climate benefits. The study is available for download.


Citation

Tedsen, Elizabeth 2013: Black Carbon Emissions from Kerosene Lamps. Potential for a new CCAC Initiative. Ecologic Institute.

Language
English
Funding
Publisher
Year
2013
Dimension
50 pp.
Table of Contents

Executive Summary
1 Black carbon and kerosene lamps
2 Lighting upgrade efforts and barriers
3 Use of information on black carbon emissions
4 Motivation for implementation in different regions
5 Benefits and costs
6 Gaps in knowledge
7 Potential for a CCAC initiative
8 Conclusions and next steps
Annex A. Overview of major lighting initiatives
Annex B. Annual kerosene use and black carbon emissions by country

List of Tables
Table 1. Kerosene subsidies, import duties, and taxes
Table 2. Overview of major lighting initiatives
Table 3. Annual kerosene use and black carbon emissions by country

List of Figures
Figure 1. Direct BC radiative forcing from residential kerosene lighting (W/m2)
Figure 2. Comparison of emission factors for black carbon
Figure 3. People without access to modern energy services by region (2009)
Figure 4. Typical range of prices of off-grid solar lighting products in Asia

List of Boxes
Box 1. Major market barriers and approaches for overcoming them
Box 2. National developments in target countries
Box 3. Cookstoves

Keywords
climate change, energy, black carbon, SLCP, lighting, solar, health, development, CCAC, Sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia