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A European Union for Renewable Energy

A European Union for Renewable Energy

Policy Options for Better Grids and Support Schemes

The European Union needs a common vision for its energy future. A shift towards renewable energy sources will increase security of supply, improve the competitiveness of the European economy, and put Europe on a path towards sustainability. The Heinrich Böll Foundation commissioned a working group of experts from different backgrounds to provide a collection of policy ideas for two key areas that will define the future of renewable energy development in Europe: grids, and support and remuneration schemes for renewable energy technologies. The report 'A European Union for Renewable Energy' was co-authored by Sascha Müller-Kraenner, Partner of Ecologic Institute and Susanne Langsdorf, researcher at Ecologic Institute. The study is available for download.

The European Union needs a common vision for its energy future. A shift towards renewable energy sources will increase the security of supply, foster the competitiveness of the European economy and facilitate sustainability. In order to convince governments, businesses and European citizens to support this shift, it is necessary to demonstrate the practical feasibility of the vision. We are now at a critical point in time to accelerate the transition to renewables in Europe and to make necessary investments and adjustments. Around two thirds of all power plants will have to be replaced in the coming years. At the same time, large parts of the European transmission and distribution grid require modernisation and are in need of reinvestment. With the phase-out of nuclear power in several European countries, opportunities to replace large quantities of nuclear energy with renewables are plentiful.

The Heinrich Böll Foundation commissioned a working group of experts from politics, industry, applied science and civil society who have considered these challenges. As a result of a series of expert meetings, this report 'A European Union for Renewable Energy' provides a collection of policy ideas for two key areas that will define the future of renewable energy development in Europe: grids, and support and remuneration schemes for renewables. The report shall serve as a stepping stone on the path to our sustainable and renewables-based future. At a moment of deep economic and institutional crisis in Europe, the vision of a 'European Union for Renewable Energy' is a positive project to give the EU a new push for integration.

The report 'A European Union for Renewable Energy' was co-authored by Sascha Müller-Kraenner, Partner of Ecologic Institute and Susanne Langsdorf, researcher at Ecologic Institute.

This publication can be ordered at:

Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung,
European Union, Brussels
15 Rue d’Arlon
B-1050 Brussels
Belgium

T +32 2 743 41 00
F +32 2 743 41 09
E-Mail: info@eu.boell.org
www.eu.boell.org


Citation

Müller-Kraenner, Sascha and Susanne Langsdorf 2012: A European Union for Renewable Energy – Policy Options for Better Grids and Support Schemes. Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung, European Union, Brussels.

Language
English, French, German
Year
2012
Dimension
58 pp.
Table of Contents

Foreword
The Energy Transition – Challenges and Opportunities
by Franz Untersteller, Minister of the Environment, Climate Protection and the Energy Sector, Baden-Württemberg

Preface

Introduction

Part One

Remuneration and Support Schemes

  1. Today’s market, its shortcomings and our vision
    1.1. Starting point: From fossil to renewables markets
    1.2. Optimistic and realistic: Setting targets for 2030
    1.3. Design matters: Options for remuneration and support schemes
  2. Tackling the flexibility challenge
    2.1. The price of electricity and policy options to counter price deterioration
    2.2. Power market integration
    2.3. Ownership
    2.4. Demand-side response and storage
    2.5. Triple-A options for renewable energy investments
    2.6. The European Investment Bank
  3. What role for the Europeanisation of support and remuneration schemes in the medium and long term?
    3.1. Front-runner groups
    3.2. Cooperation mechanisms
    3.3. Non-compliance
  4. Recommendations

    Part Two
    Grids
  5. Governance
    Where we stand: Current measures to Europeanise electricity grids
    5.1. What is necessary for the development of a European grid?
    5.2. Responsibility for grid planning and implementation
    5.3. Current legal developments in the EU
    5.4. The potential of a European grid: The energy we want and the grid we need
    5.5. ENTSO-E’s Ten-Year Network Development Plan
  6. Elements for improved European grid planning
    6.1. Coordinating sources of flexibility: Bringing the actors together
    6.2. Transparency and participation
    6.3. Using what we have: Best practice in Europe
    6.4. A hybrid approach
  7. Recommendations
    List of abbreviations
    Definitions
    Short biographies of authors, working group members and contributors
     
Keywords
energy policy, renewable energy, support schemes, electricity price, grids, grid extension, cooperation, windenergy, sustainable development, solar energy, variable energy, remuneration, grid planning, public participation, decarbonisation, EU