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Header image Ecologic

Drivers for the Shipping Sector

Drivers for the Shipping Sector

Deliverable 1.1

The objective of this report is to assess the current policy and socioeconomic drivers affecting shipping and other vessels globally and in the Baltic Sea region. The report provides a 'baseline' reference of key policy and socioeconomic drivers against which potential future changes to vessel activity can be assessed.


Citation

Boteler, Benjamin; Jenny Tröltzsch; Katrina Abhold et. al. 2015: Drivers for the shipping sector. Deliverable 1.1, type RE within the BONUS Research Project "SHEBA Sustainable Shipping and Environment of the Baltic Sea region".

Language
English
Author(s)
Thong Tien Nguyen, Eva Roth (SDU)
Erik Fridell, Hulda Winnes (IVL)
Erik Ytreberg (Chalmers)
Markus Quante, Volker Matthias (HZG)
Jukka-Pekka Jalkanen, Lasse Johansson (FMI)
Jakub Piotrow, Uszula Kowalczyk (GDA)
Kaimo Vahter, and Urmas Raudsepp (MSI)
Funding
Year
2015
Dimension
71 pp.
Project ID
2270
Table of Contents

1 INTRODUCTION
1.1 Report structure
1.2 Background
2 APPROACH AND METHODOLOGY
3 KEY POLICIES AFFECTING SHIPPING
3.1 International, European, and Baltic Sea Region Legislation
3.1.1 Policies to improve the marine environment
3.1.2 Sulphur oxides, nitrous oxides and particles
3.1.3 Greenhouse gas emissions
3.1.4 Waste
3.1.5 Non-indigenous species
3.1.6 Anti-fouling systems
3.1.7 Specific policies for recreational crafts
3.1.8 Voluntary initiatives
3.2 National and regional legislation
3.2.1 Germany
3.2.2 Sweden
3.2.3 Poland
3.2.4 Finland
3.2.5 Denmark
3.2.6 Estonia
3.3 Summary
4 SOCIOECONOMIC DRIVERS OF SHIPPING, FISHING VESSELS, AND RECREATIONAL BOATS
4.1 General socioeconomic drivers
4.1.1 Economic growth
4.1.2 Societal drivers
4.1.3 Resource use
4.2 Socioeconomic drivers on commercial shipping
4.2.1 Socioeconomic drivers of commercial shipping demand
4.2.2 Socioeconomic drivers of commercial shipping supply
4.3 Socioeconomic drivers on fishing vessels
4.3.1 Socioeconomic drivers of fishing demand
4.3.2 Socioeconomic drivers of fishing supply
4.4 Socioeconomic drivers on leisure boats
4.4.1 Socioeconomic drivers of leisure boat demand
4.4.2 Socioeconomic drivers of leisure boat supply
4.5 Summary
5 RANDOM SHOCKS POTENTIALLY AFFECTING SHIPPING
6 OUTLOOK
7 KEY MESSAGES
REFERENCES
ANNEX
1.1 Questions Posed to Stakeholders at Workshop
1.2 Template Sent to Country Experts
2.1 Policy Indicators
2.2 Economic Indicators

Keywords
shipping, air pollution, water pollution, noise pollution, marine, ecosystem services, MSFD, policy, analysis, scenarios, integrated assessment, evaluation, modelling, Europe, Baltic Sea