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Convergence with EU IPPC Policies

Convergence with EU IPPC Policies

Short Guide for ENP Partners and Russia

Industrial production processes account for a considerable share of the overall pollution in Europe. To minimize harmful effects on the environment and push for environmentally sound technology, the EU’s Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control policy (IPPC) requires polluting operators to obtain environmental permits for running their industrial installations. By doing so, the policy aims at providing incentives for clean technologies and eventually excluding irresponsible polluters.

Willing to complement the EU's efforts to implement IPPC standards within the Union, the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) promotes cooperation between the EU and its Eastern and Southern neighbours. To support the effort, the European Commission has issued a guide to pollution prevention and control for its European neighbours and Russia.

Drafted by Ecologic Fellow Alexander Neubauer, the guide outlines a wide range of benefits deriving from compliance with the EC Directive on Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control, like the reduction of harmful emissions. However, the environmental and socio-economic gains associated with these successes will not materialise unless the main challenges to convergence are overcome. To achieve this goal, the guide serves as a roadmap toward less air pollution
The guide is a result of Ecologic’s project "Environmental Components of the European Neighbourhood Policy."

It can be downloaded in four languages:
English [pdf, 594 kB]
French [pdf, 780 kB]
Russian [pdf, 811 kB]
Arabic [pdf, 1007 kB]

This guide on nature protection policy is part of a series of short convergence guides for ENP Partners and Russia published by the European Commission. Their purpose is to help EU neighbours realise the benefits associated with ENP Action Plans.

The following guides have been published in this series:
Covergence with Nature Protection Policies
Convergence with EU Air Pollution Policies
Convergence with EU IPPC Policies
Convergence with EU Waste Policies
Convergence with EU Water Policies
Horizontal Environmental EC Legislation


Neubauer, Alexander 2007: Convergence with EU IPPC Policies - Short Guide for ENP Partners and Russia. Brussels: European Communities.

Arabic, English, French, Russian
26 pp.
Project ID
Table of Contents

1 Introduction

2 In a Nutshell

3 Expected Benefits of Convergence

4 Overview of EU Policy
4.1 Introduction: IPPC Directive as a horizontal instrument for emission abatement
4.2 Integrated Permits on the basis of Best Available Techniques (BAT)
4.2.1 Basic permitting requirement
4.2.2 Requirements for Integrated Permits
4.2.3 Requirement of permits based on Best Available Techniques
4.2.4 European information exchange process to describe BAT per sector
4.2.5 Application of BAT on new and existing installations in the EU
4.2.6 Requirement to reconsider and update permits
4.2.7 Informing the Public

5 Current situation with respect to Policy sector
5.1 Main environmental pressures
5.2 Particular concerns and challenges
5.2.1 Mediterranean Neighbours
5.2.2 Eastern European Neighbours and Russia
5.2.3 Common Challenges for all ENP partners

6 Conclusions for ENP and Russia
6.1 Step-by-step approach to control emissions from industrial installations
6.1.1 Permit requirement and minimum standard requirements
for a permit to be issued (Step 1)
6.1.2 Best Available Techniques as a basis for a permit to be issued (Step 2)
6.1.3 Publication of emission levels in the Eastern and Mediterranean Countries (additional step)
6.2 Challenges to Convergence and Costs

7 Literature and Further Reading

8 Directives

ENP, European Commission, European Neighbourhood Policy, IPPC, Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control, IPPC Directive, greenhouse gas, emission, environment permit, EU, Russia