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Policy Brief

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Transatlantic Policy Options for Supporting Adaptation in the Marine Arctic

The Arctic TRANSFORM project, funded by the European Commission‘s Directorate General of External Relations, engaged experts in a transatlantic discussion of five Arctic-related thematic areas: indigenous peoples, environmental governance, fisheries, offshore hydrocarbon activities, and shipping. Expert working groups addressed each thematic area with the goal of developing policy options for the Arctic marine area. This policy brief draws upon a series of background papers, expert meetings and interviews to provide an overview of the international and EU governance options for addressing the rapid changes underway in the region.Read more

Transatlantic Policy Options for Supporting Adaptation in the Marine Arctic

Summary for Policy Makers
This policy brief draws upon a series of background papers, expert meetings, and interviews to provide an overview of the international and EU governance options for addressing the rapid changes underway in the region. While reflecting the opinions of its authors, this policy brief benefits from the opinions and insights of the experts participating in the five thematic working groups of Arctic TRANSFORM.Read more

Keeping Illegal Fish and Timber off the Market

A Comparison of EU Regulations
Illegal fishing and logging, and the international trade in illegally sourced fish and wood products cause enormous environmental and economic damage. Consumer countries contribute to the problem by importing fish and timber without ensuring legality – a problem the EU tries to address with two new regulations. In this briefing paper, Duncan Brack, Heike Baumüller and Katharina Umpfenbach compare the recently adopted EU regulations on illegal fish and timber products. The authors contrast the very different approaches and highlight areas that might need further strengthening.Read more

Die Biomassestrom-Nachhaltigkeitsverordnung (BioSt-NachV)

Eine kurze Einführung für AnlagenbetreiberInnen
Sustainability of biofuel policies is a largely debated issue, particularly with regards to environmental impacts. To address these issues, European and national legislative initiatives have been designed that aim to ensure the sustainability of biofuels. Germany has been among the top runners in trying to implement sustainability criteria for biofuels. In August 2009 the German government set up the Biomass-electricity-sustainability ordinance ("Biomassestrom-Nachhaltigkeitsverordnung", abbreviated "BioSt-NachV"). The background paper written by the Ecologic Institute in October 2009 provides an overview for plant operators who will need to proof their compliance with the new ordinance.Read more

German Perspectives on the Current CAP Reform

This policy brief outlines the positions and relative influence of the main German stakeholders on the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) reform. These became visible through responses to the Health Check agreement of the CAP and the upcoming Mid-Term Budget Review. Based on this analysis, the policy brief discusses the main issues and directions of the CAP debate in Germany and the likely overall German position towards the future CAP reform in Brussels.Read more

Trade and Climate Change

Triggers or Barriers for Climate-Friendly Technology Transfer and Development?
In their policy paper for the Friedrich-Ebert-Foundation’s Dialogue on Globalization section, Nils Meyer-Ohlendorf and Christiane Gerstetter of Ecologic Legal, shed light at the most important aspects of the relationship between trade and climate change policies. They investigate which trade-related policies should be adopted to combat climate change and review the compatibility of those measures with the law of the World Trade Organization (WTO). Particular attention is given to issues that are of relevance to developing countries. The first focus of the paper is on the transfer of climate-friendly technologies to developing countries.Read more

European Union Policy on Bioenergy

The European Community has undertaken an ambitious program aimed at improving the sustainability of energy use across Europe. At the heart of this program are efforts by the European Union and its Member States to encourage the use of renewable sources of energy. Bioenergy has become a focal point in efforts to increase the use of renewable energy. This policy brief summarises the development and status quo of the EU bioenergy policy framework and links it to the current debate on sustainability of bioenergy.Read more

Nach dem Weltgipfel für Nachhaltige Entwicklung

Der doppelte Nexus zwischen Nachhaltiger Entwicklung, Globalisierung und Sicherheit
Nature protection policy and environmental measures within development and international cooperation play a central role in conflicts over resources. Since the mid-nineties the topic of globalization was making all the headlines. Since September 2001, global security has dominated the international agenda. Against the background of this development a special meaning is given to global environmental governance as well as the development of the concept of sustainability. A paper by Sascha Müller-Kraenner and Uwe Brendle.Read more

International Environmental Policymaking and Transatlantic Co-operation

Setting the Agenda for the World Summit on Sustainable Development
Transatlantic co-operation between the US and EU Member States has an important role to play in the system of international environmental policymaking. Greater transatlantic leadership coupled with extensive consultation of developing countries would greatly enhance policymaking capacities in the system of international environmental governance.


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