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Projects – Ecologic Legal

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Further Development of International and Europan Emissions Trading II

June 2016 to May 2019
The project accompanies the further development of international and European emissions trading. At international level the focus is on the implementation and development of emissions trading systems, their role in international climate policy and the potential of linking between individual ETS or with other economic instruments (e.g. taxes, offset mechanisms). At the European level, and partly also at the national level, the main focus of the project is the future design of the European emissions trading scheme (EU ETS), the inclusion of the aviation sector in the ETS, issues concerning EU ETS market oversight, and the interdependencies with other climate and energy policy instruments . In this context, Ecologic Institute is providing the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) with economic and legal analyses concerning the development and implementation of new concepts and legislation.Read more

Analysis and Legal Advice for 2030 Climate and Energy Governance

January 2016 to December 2016
As part of ECF’s Governance Cluster, Ecologic Institute analyses adequate planning and reporting approaches for the 2030 energy and climate framework and on options to assess national contributions, address the gap issue and ensure compliance. Ecologic Institute also provides ongoing legal advice in the context of the Effort Sharing Decision revision and strategic guidance within the ECF Governance Cluster.Read more

Legal and Institutional Aspects of the Future Climate Regime

October 2015 to March 2019
The international negotiations on the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) currently mainly focus on the design of the future climate regime. Ecologic Legal provides expert advice to the German Federal Ministry of the Environment, Nature Conservation, Construction and Nuclear Safety, especially on the development and assessment of German and EU positions. The project builds on the work of the earlier project "Further legal and institutional aspects of the international post-2012-climate negotiations."Read more

Analysis and Structuring of the Comprehensive Energy Law for the Electricity Sector

September 2015 to September 2018
The increased importance of renewable energy for the electricity sector in the context of the energy transition ("Energiewende") requires that the Renewable Energy Act (EEG) be made more consistent with the Energy Act (EnWG). On behalf of the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi), a consortium of Ecologic Institute, Stiftung Umweltenergierecht, Öko-Institut and the law firm Becker Büttner Held is conducting a project aimed at increasing the comprehensibility and the transparency of the legal framework for the electricity sector in order to help facilitate investments.Read more

The ILVA Steel Plant in Italy - a Case of Environmental Non-compliance - Briefing for the European Parliament

July 2015 to October 2015
In this project for the ENVI Comittee of the European Parliament (EP), Grazia Maria Vagliasindi, University of Catania, and Christiane Gerstetter, Ecologic Institute, wrote a briefing on the ILVA steel plant Taranto, Italy and its environmental and health impacts. The steel plant is the largest one in the EU; the case illustrates the consequences of companies failing to comply with applicable permits and environmental legislation, and national authorities failing to enforce environmental standards.Read more

Technical Requirements for Producers and Consumers in an Electricity System with a Large Share of Renewable Energy

July 2015 to January 2018
The pending transformation of the German and European electricity system resulting from rising shares of renewable energy is triggering new technical requirements for both electricity producers and consumers. These requirements include "network codes", bodies of technical rules for the operation of electricity grids, which are developed by the European Transmission System Operators (TSOs) in their umbrella organization ENTSO-E before being implemented on the national level in the EU Member States.Read more

Wildlife Crime

July 2015 to January 2016
Wildlife crime is no longer an emerging issue, but has established itself as a serious threat to biodiversity and sustainable development. In the period between 2010 and 2012 alone, for example, 100,000 elephants were killed in Africa for ivory. The EU is both one of the most important markets for illegal wildlife products and an important actor in the fight against wildlife crime. As such, Ecologic Institute is coordinating a study on wildlife crime which has been commissioned by the European Parliament. Further project partners are the Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP), the Institute for Environmental Studies (IVM), the University of South Wales (Jennifer Maher), Ragnild Sollund from the University of Oslo, Teresa Fajardo del Castillo from the University of Granada and Tanya Wyatt from Northumbria University.Read more

Training for Lebanese Climate Negotiators 2014

August 2014 to October 2014

How can Lebanon engage more effectively in the international climate negotiations? How do the negotiations work in practice and what tips and tricks can Lebanese negotiators avail themselves to influence the outcome? These questions become especially relevant in the run up towards a new climate agreement, expected to be adopted in 2015 in Paris. In September 2014, Dr. Camilla Bausch and Lena Donat conducted a 2-days training to enhance the negotiation skills of Lebanese negotiators.

The September workshop is a follow-up on a workshop conducted in cooperation with the LebaneseRead more

Legal Instruments to Implement the Objective "Land Degradation Neutral World" in International Law

May 2014 to November 2014
The project Legal Instruments to implement the objective "Land Degradation Neutral World" in International Law was commissioned by the German Federal Environmental Agency. It aimed to explore the legal instruments in three different case study countries which could potentially be up-scaled to the international level to implement the land degradation neutrality target. The findings were translated into a breakdown of conceptual legal approaches to land degradation prevention, remediation/offsetting, and planning.Read more

Legal Support for Germany Before and During the Second Meeting of the Parties PRTR Protocol

April 2014 to August 2014

Ecologic Institute supports the Federal Environmental Agency and the German Federal Ministry of the Environment with the preparation of the second Meeting of the Parties (MOPP 2) of the Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers (PRTR Protocol). The PRTR Protocol is an international agreement under the Aarhus Convention.

The Protocol has been ratified by most of the EU Member States, including Germany, and by the EU itself. Its parties are required to establish publicly and freely accessible pollutant release and transfer registers containing information on facility-Read more

Income Tax Reform to Strengthen Climate Protection

January 2014 to March 2016
Ecologic Institute analyzes to what extent Germany's income and cooperate tax rules promote climate protection. In this context, Ecologic Institute presents proposals for reforming Germany's income tax law. The analysis and the proposal are available for download. This analysis is part of project carried out in cooperation with Oeko-Institut, BCC GmbH, Prof. Janine Wendt (TU Darmstadt) und Prof. Domenik Wendt (Frankfurt University of Applied Sciences). Next to tax rules, the project analyses whether financial market rules and cooperate laws incentives investment in climate protection. Read more

Investor-state Dispute Resolution under TTIP

December 2013

Rule on investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS) offer investors the possibility to sue their host states for alleged breaches of an investment agreement. Are such rules in the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) agreement necessary? What risks are there for environmental regulation? Will states have to pay compensation for environmental protection measures? The Ecologic Institute analyzed the potential influence of ISDS rules in TTIP on environmental regulation. The resulting study is available online.Read more

Study on the EU-US Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP)

July 2013 to October 2013

In this project, Ecologic Institute and BIO IS have been commissioned by the European Parliament to investigate the potential impacts of the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) on the EU’s environmental and food safety policies and the EU’s right to regulate. TTIP is being negotiated between the US and the EU. The study provides recommendations regarding the role of the European Parliament in the negotiation of TTIP. The study is available for download.

In 2013, US and EU officials have begun negotiations on a free trade agreement dubbed theRead more

How to Verify Claims on the Environmental Properties of Products and Organizations?

February 2013 to August 2013

In this project, BIO IS, the Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP) and the Ecologic Institute investigated approaches for verifying that claims made by companies on the environmental properties of products or their own overall environmental performance are correct. The study was commissioned by the European Commission, DG Environment. The Ecologic Institute contributed an analysis on the law of the World Trade Organziation as far as relevant for related policy measures. The report is available for download.

European methodology for quantifying environmental impacts ofRead more

European Union Action to Fight Environmental Crime (EFFACE)

December 2012 to March 2016
The interdisciplinary research project "European Union Action to Fight Environmental Crime" (EFFACE) assesses the impacts of environmental crime as well as effective and feasible policy options for combatting it, with a focus on the EU. The project is funded under the 7th Research Framework Programme of the EU (FP7). Ecologic coordinates the work of 11 European universities and think tanks involved in the project.Read more

International Law and Support for Renewable Energies

September 2012 to March 2014

As renewable energy sources are more widely used and corresponding support systems expanded, the economic significance of the sector is also growing. This, in turn, also leads to a growing potential for trade disputes involving renewable energy production. In this project on renewable energy law, the Ecologic Institute together with the Institute for Economic Law of the University Halle-Wittenberg provides scientific advice to the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Protection and Nuclear Safety. The project focuses on the international legal framework relevant to supportRead more

Scientific Support of the BMU/BMWi in the Field of Renewable Energies 2012-2015 (BMU-RE 2015)

August 2012 to April 2015

In the course of the German "Energiewende", Ecologic Institute supports the German Federal Ministry for the Environment (BMU) and - since March 2014 - the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy - in the further development of existing instruments to promote renewable energies in both the electricity and heat sector (Renewable Energies Sources Act and Renewable Energies Heat Act), including the increasing system, grid and market integration of electricity from renewable sources, the production of biogas and its feeding into the natural gas grid, questions regarding theRead more

Regulatory and Governance Options for Geoengineering

December 2011 to December 2012

In this research project for the Federal Environment Agency, Ecologic Institute develops specific proposals for governance of geoengineering at the international level. Based on a comprehensive analysis of regulatory framework and its gaps, the study identifies general options and specific recommended actions for the effective governance of geoengineering. A key consideration is that the recommendations can be implemented in practice.

Geoengineering is a generic term describing a range of concepts and techniques which are intended to reduce climate change or its compactsRead more

Transposition of the Renewable Energy Directive

December 2011 to January 2013

In 2011 the Ecologic Institute analysed, within a consortium, the transposition of the Renewable Energy Directive in the national legislation of Germany and UK. As a follow-up, the consortium is now analysing the status of transposition in selected Member States. The Ecologic Institute is reviewing reports and working on technical notes related to Germany and UK.

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