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Land Use

showing 71-80 of 104 results

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Economic Valuation of Soil Ecosystem Functions - Scoping Study

January 2010 to March 2010

In the context of this study, a literature review is carried out in order to assess the status of research on the economic value of soil. Based on this analysis, the potential for an all-encompassing assessment of the economic value of soil on the national level will be determined.

Background

As an integral part of the natural functions of an ecosystem, soil provides several services that are also of significant importance for mankind. These services include the provision of food, animal feed, and clean drinking water, protection againstRead more

Research Group on Ecosystem Services established

Funded by the German Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) under the research programme on Social-ecological Research (SÖF), an interdisciplinary research group has been established aiming to improve the understanding of the relationship between market-based instruments (MBIs), ecosystem services, and the quality of life in Central European cultural landscapes. BMBF-funding was granted over a period of four years and amounts to 1.76 million Euros. Holger Gerdes, Fellow at Ecologic Institute, will be doing his PhD within the framework of this research group.

Market-Based Instruments for Ecosystem Services

May 2009 to April 2013

Ecosystem services characterise the diverse benefits which the human society obtains from nature. Funded by the German Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF), an interdisciplinary research group analyses the impacts from the use of market-based instruments in climate and nature conservation policies on the provision of ecosystem services. Central European cultural landscapes serve as investigation areas.

Background

Besides the provision of food and fibre, cultural landscapes in Central Europe provide services whose benefits are not orRead more

Evaluation of the EU Policy on Protected Geographical Indications

October 2007 to September 2008

In 2006, the European Community adopted a new regulation dealing with the geographical indications and designations of origin for agricultural products and foodstuffs. Ecologic, along with ADAS and London Economics, carried out an evaluation of the scheme focusing on the development and effectiveness of Protected Designations of Origin (PDO) and Protected Geographical Indications (PGI) systems.

The PDO/PGI protection scheme, adopted in 2006, was designed to protect both consumers and producers by providing a certification scheme for the origin and method of production of agriculturalRead more

Cost Effective Measures to Minimise Nutrient Pollution in the Black Sea Region

April 2007 to December 2007

This project introduces national policy makers in the Black Sea countries the basics of selecting cost-effective measures to reduce nutrient pollution. The measures considered within this project are both technical measures that can be locally applied as well as instruments, such as N-taxes, applied on a national/basin wide level.  Additionally, this project presents case studies dealing with nutrient pollution in each of the following sectors: agriculture, industry and municipal. The reports are available for download.

Cost-effectiveness analysis of various measures in theRead more

Project

Evaluation of Soil Protection Measures (EUSOIL)

October 2006 to September 2007
In order to meet the goals of the EU Thematic Strategy for Soil Protection, soil protection will need to be further integrated in other policy areas. For this reason, an analysis of the measures adopted by the Member States in plans and programs pursuant to certain pieces of Community and international legislation is required. The EUSOIL project aided to this task and identified, described and evaluated the measures taken under the Water Framework Directive (WFD), Cross Compliance Instrument (CC) and United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) concerning their contribution to soil conservation. Read more

Urban Sprawl in Europe - The Ignored Challenge

Between 1990 and 2000 alone, more than 800,000 hectares were built on in Europe. This phenomenon is due to changing lifestyles more than increased population. The amount of space consumed per person has more than doubled over the past 50 years. Today, more than a quarter of the EU's territory has been directly affected by urban sprawl, according to a study by the European Environment Agency, which also suggests potential policies to combat the trend. R. Andreas Kraemer, Director Ecologic, was consulted as an external expert throughout the develoment of the report. Read more

Einsame Landschaften – Blühende Städte

Since 1950 about the same amount of land was taken into usage for settlement and transport as in the entire history in Germany before. Although the population is decreasing, increases in demand for improved living conditions and growing rates of single households will continue land development. While ecological disadvantages of urban sprawl were recognised long ago, there could also appear – under conditions of population decrease – devastating economic and social consequences.
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Soil Protection and Renewable Resources

May 2005 to July 2005
The increased use of renewable resources has several positive environmental effects in comparison to the use of fossil fuel. Nevertheless, with an extended cultivation of energy crops and other renewable resources, there may also be negative consequences on soil quality. The evaluation of these effects is the focus of this project.Read more
Project

Vital soil - The Next Step Towards a European Soil Strategy

October 2004 to December 2004

Ecologic assisted the preparation of the Conference "Vital soil; the next step towards a European Soil Strategy" within the framework of the Dutch EU-Presidency of the European Union. For this purpose, Ecologic prepared a Background Paper that presents the integration of soil protection into the environmental as well as other policies of the European Union and identifies shortcomings and potentials.

Soil is a vital and largely non-renewable resource increasingly under pressure, however there is no legal instrument at the EU level that is directly concerned with soilRead more

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