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Projects – Ecologic Institute EU

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Trading Away the Last Ancient Forests

June 2001 to April 2002
This report surveys the WTO rules relating to sustainable forest management.  The first version was prepared for distribution at the 4th WTO Ministerial Conference in Doha, and the final version was presented at the second session of the UN Forum on Forests. Read more
Project

Options for a Financial Mechanism Under the Kyoto Protocol

June 2001
The issue of financial transfers to developing countries is an integral part of the negotiations on completing the "unfinished business" of the Kyoto Protocol (KP) of 1997 to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (FCCC). Ecologic examines how such a Special Climate Change Fund could be developed and implemented. Read more
Project

EU-Enlargement, Common Agricultural Policy and Nature Conservation

May 2001 to September 2001

The forthcoming enlargement of the European Union poses a major political, economic and ecological challenge for the EU, the Member States and the Candidate Countries. One of the last and most difficult chapters to be discussed in the accession negotiations is the agricultural chapter of the aquis communautaire.

Against this background, Ecologic has carried out an international Workshop entitled "EU-Enlargement: Impact of the Common Agricultural Policy on Environment and Nature" on behalf of the German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation and the German Federal MinistryRead more

Trade, Societies and Sustainable Development (SUSTRA)

May 2001 to December 2004

In cooperation with the European SUSTRA-Network Ecologic analyses the relationship between trade, environment and sustainable development. As a part of the project, Ecologic convened an international workshop on the architecture of global governance of trade and sustainable development which focussed on the global institutional set-up, the relationship between multilateral environmental agreements and WTO rules as well as the role of non-State actors in the international fora. The results of the workshop were summarised and published in a policy brief.

The Seattle failure marked aRead more

Project

Working Group on Emissions Trading as a Means to Combat the Impacts of Greenhouse Gases

April 2001 to March 2003
The Working Group on "Emissions Trading as a Means to Combat the Impacts of Greenhouse Gases" has been created according to the German Federal Government's Climate Protection Programme of 18 October 2000. Its aim is to evaluate the possibilities of establishing a national emissions trading system, which takes into account existing national instruments, the European concept of emission trading as well as the Climate Framework Convention and the Kyoto-Protocol.Read more

A European Public Space Observatory (EUROPUB)

March 2001 to March 2004

How democratic is Europe? Is it getting worse? Is it getting better? Should we care? Do we care? The European Public Space Observatory project (EUROPUB) will assemble information that allows the monitoring of European democracy in the 21st century in the context of the emerging institutional constellations and socio-political practices of the European Union and the process of European integration.

The process of European integration has given rise to a new object of study - the European society. Several old questions concerning identity, citizenship, democracy, government andRead more

Project

Trade in Sustainable Forest Products

February 2001 to April 2001
This study analyses the relationship between sustainable forest management and international trade policy. Further it presents recommendations on how these two policy objectives can be mutually supportive.Read more
Project

Water Framework Directive and Nature Conservation

January 2001 to June 2001
There are several direct links between the WFD and nature conservation directives such as the Habitats and the Birds Directives. It is however mainly the integrated approach of the WFD which constitutes the closest link between these two areas. Ecologic analysed these aspects of the WFD and prepared a background paper on that issue.Read more

Institutional Interaction in International Environmental Governance: Transatlantic Science Outreach

January 2001 to December 2006

The results of the flagship project on "Institutional Interaction" on Conflicts and Synergies between International and EU Environmental Institutions, financed by the European Commission (GD Research) and Ecologic, were presented and discussed with scholars at two Annual Conventions of the International Studies Association (ISA) in Portland, Oregon, in 2003 and in San Diego, California, in 2006.  Sebastian Oberthür and Thomas Gehring chaired the sessions with scientists from the Institutional Interaction project team presenting, and Oran Young leading the discussion on theRead more

Institutional Interaction

December 2000 to February 2003
Ecologic analyses within the framework of this project the institutional interactions between international treaty systems and European environmental instruments. Although they are negotiated separately, they affect each others' performance and effectiveness. Such 'institutional interaction' will inevitably cause conflicts if regulatory approaches are incompatible. If approaches are mutually reinforcing, however, it may also create synergies. If not addressed properly, inter-institutional conflicts can inhibit and counteract the effectiveness of international environmental co-operation.Read more
Project

Integrating the Environment into EU External Affairs

November 2000 to June 2001

In June 1998 the heads of government and state of the Member States, who held a meeting in Cardiff, called upon the European Council to elaborate new strategies for the integration of environmental requirements into community policy. Within the scope of the project "Integrating the Environment into EU External Affairs", Ecologic and the IEEP London have drafted a strategy for the General Affairs Council.

At the Cologne European Council the General Affairs Council, composed of the foreign ministers of the Member States, was invited to develop a Cardiff strategy for itsRead more

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Development of Implementation Guidelines for the Economic Analysis According to the WFD in Germany

November 2000 to June 2001

In order to conduct the economic analysis according to the EU-Water Framework Directive by the 2004-deadline, the relevant content of the Directive had to be interpreted and made practicable. Ecologic analysed the relevant requirements for the German Environment Ministry, provided relevant input to the European WATECO-process and prepared a first draft of a guidance document for the practical implementation of the economic analysis in Germany.

According to the Water Framework Directive (WFD), EU member states are obliged to conduct an economic analysis of water use for everyRead more

Project

Green House Gas Emissions and EU Enlargement

August 2000 to December 2000

In the course of their accession to the European Union, the acceding countries have to implement the existing body of European rules (acquis communautaire). As a result, the level of their greenhouse gas emissions can be expected to be affected. In this project, the effects of the accession of Estonia, Poland, Slovenia, the Czech Republik and Hungary on their greenhouse gas emissions were assessed. The study analyses the effects the EU accession of Estonia, Poland, Slovenia, the Czech Republic and Hungary may have on the greenhouse gas emissions of these countries.

This issue is ofRead more

Project

Options, Chances and General Framework of Opening the Market for a Sustainable Water Supply

August 2000 to July 2001
Following on the heels of the liberalisation of the telephone, electricity and gas industries, there is intensive talk of the liberalisation of the water supply, too. According to economic theory, greater competitive pressure is supposed to induce innovations and to lower expenses, bring fresh capital into the industry and help consumers by providing a better, cheaper supply. But unfortunately this is generally not the case in a "real" liberalisation, which involves such other factors as competition to win end customers or competition "on the market", in which case the discussion concentrates more on the competition "for the market" between suppliers of operator services. Read more
Project

Effluent Charging Systems in the EU Member States

May 2000 to March 2001
The Directorate General for Research of the European Parliament (EP) launched - on request of the Committee of the Environment, Public Health and Consumer Protection - an external study on "Effluent Charging Systems in the EU Member States". This study focusses on economic instruments for regulating direct discharges of effluents into natural waters.Read more

Kyoto Mechanisms and Compliance

March 2000 to December 2002
The 1997 Kyoto Protocol to protect the global climate is an incomplete agreement. Many of its provisions require a further specification in order to make the Protocol ratifiable for countries. In this project, concrete options and proposals for the elaboration of the Kyoto Protocol were developed for the German Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety.Read more

Nature Conservation and the Water Framework Directive

March 2000 to July 2000

The implementation of the Water Framework Directive in the European Member States sets important parameters for the protection of species and habitats. The project analyses impacts upon agriculture arising from the implementation of the Wild Birds Directive, the Habitats Directive and the Water Framework Directive.

Background

The Wild Birds Directive (79/409/EEC) and the Habitats Directive (92/43/EEC) are the two most important pieces of legislation for the conservation of nature and biodiversity in Europe. The Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC) setsRead more

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Support of the Working Group on Heavily Modified Water Bodies of the Water Framework Directive Common Implementation Strategy

February 2000 to September 2003
As part of the EU Water Framework Directive Common Implementation Strategy (EU WFD CIS), a working group was established to develop European guidance on the process of identification and designation of Heavily Modified & Artificial Water Bodies (HMWB & AWB). Ecologic has provided scientific, technical and conceptual support to the CIS Working Group on HMWB (WG 2.2). Read more

NGOs in International Environmental Policy

January 2000 to January 2002

This project analyses the importance of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and the relationship between the legal basis and the practical influence of NGOs in different areas of international environmental governance.

The importance of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) in international environmental co-operation has increased tremendously over the last decades. Accordingly, the participation of non-governmental actors has become a prominent subject for research, resulting in a dynamically growing body of literature on the subject, especially in the legal and social sciences.Read more

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