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Projects – Ecologic Institute EU

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showing 661-680 of 698 results



Trade in Sustainable Forest Products

February 2001 to April 2001
This study analyses the relationship between sustainable forest management and international trade policy. Further it presents recommendations on how these two policy objectives can be mutually supportive.Read more

Water Framework Directive and Nature Conservation

January 2001 to June 2001
There are several direct links between the WFD and nature conservation directives such as the Habitats and the Birds Directives. It is however mainly the integrated approach of the WFD which constitutes the closest link between these two areas. Ecologic analysed these aspects of the WFD and prepared a background paper on that issue.Read more

Institutional Interaction in International Environmental Governance: Transatlantic Science Outreach

January 2001 to December 2006

The results of the flagship project on "Institutional Interaction" on Conflicts and Synergies between International and EU Environmental Institutions, financed by the European Commission (GD Research) and Ecologic, were presented and discussed with scholars at two Annual Conventions of the International Studies Association (ISA) in Portland, Oregon, in 2003 and in San Diego, California, in 2006.  Sebastian Oberthür and Thomas Gehring chaired the sessions with scientists from the Institutional Interaction project team presenting, and Oran Young leading the discussion on theRead more

Institutional Interaction

December 2000 to February 2003
Ecologic analyses within the framework of this project the institutional interactions between international treaty systems and European environmental instruments. Although they are negotiated separately, they affect each others' performance and effectiveness. Such 'institutional interaction' will inevitably cause conflicts if regulatory approaches are incompatible. If approaches are mutually reinforcing, however, it may also create synergies. If not addressed properly, inter-institutional conflicts can inhibit and counteract the effectiveness of international environmental co-operation.Read more

Integrating the Environment into EU External Affairs

November 2000 to June 2001

In June 1998 the heads of government and state of the Member States, who held a meeting in Cardiff, called upon the European Council to elaborate new strategies for the integration of environmental requirements into community policy. Within the scope of the project "Integrating the Environment into EU External Affairs", Ecologic and the IEEP London have drafted a strategy for the General Affairs Council.

At the Cologne European Council the General Affairs Council, composed of the foreign ministers of the Member States, was invited to develop a Cardiff strategy for itsRead more


Development of Implementation Guidelines for the Economic Analysis According to the WFD in Germany

November 2000 to June 2001

In order to conduct the economic analysis according to the EU-Water Framework Directive by the 2004-deadline, the relevant content of the Directive had to be interpreted and made practicable. Ecologic analysed the relevant requirements for the German Environment Ministry, provided relevant input to the European WATECO-process and prepared a first draft of a guidance document for the practical implementation of the economic analysis in Germany.

According to the Water Framework Directive (WFD), EU member states are obliged to conduct an economic analysis of water use for everyRead more


Green House Gas Emissions and EU Enlargement

August 2000 to December 2000

In the course of their accession to the European Union, the acceding countries have to implement the existing body of European rules (acquis communautaire). As a result, the level of their greenhouse gas emissions can be expected to be affected. In this project, the effects of the accession of Estonia, Poland, Slovenia, the Czech Republik and Hungary on their greenhouse gas emissions were assessed. The study analyses the effects the EU accession of Estonia, Poland, Slovenia, the Czech Republic and Hungary may have on the greenhouse gas emissions of these countries.

This issue is ofRead more


Options, Chances and General Framework of Opening the Market for a Sustainable Water Supply

August 2000 to July 2001
Following on the heels of the liberalisation of the telephone, electricity and gas industries, there is intensive talk of the liberalisation of the water supply, too. According to economic theory, greater competitive pressure is supposed to induce innovations and to lower expenses, bring fresh capital into the industry and help consumers by providing a better, cheaper supply. But unfortunately this is generally not the case in a "real" liberalisation, which involves such other factors as competition to win end customers or competition "on the market", in which case the discussion concentrates more on the competition "for the market" between suppliers of operator services. Read more

Effluent Charging Systems in the EU Member States

May 2000 to March 2001
The Directorate General for Research of the European Parliament (EP) launched - on request of the Committee of the Environment, Public Health and Consumer Protection - an external study on "Effluent Charging Systems in the EU Member States". This study focusses on economic instruments for regulating direct discharges of effluents into natural waters.Read more

Kyoto Mechanisms and Compliance

March 2000 to December 2002
The 1997 Kyoto Protocol to protect the global climate is an incomplete agreement. Many of its provisions require a further specification in order to make the Protocol ratifiable for countries. In this project, concrete options and proposals for the elaboration of the Kyoto Protocol were developed for the German Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety.Read more

Nature Conservation and the Water Framework Directive

March 2000 to July 2000

The implementation of the Water Framework Directive in the European Member States sets important parameters for the protection of species and habitats. The project analyses impacts upon agriculture arising from the implementation of the Wild Birds Directive, the Habitats Directive and the Water Framework Directive.


The Wild Birds Directive (79/409/EEC) and the Habitats Directive (92/43/EEC) are the two most important pieces of legislation for the conservation of nature and biodiversity in Europe. The Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC) setsRead more


Support of the Working Group on Heavily Modified Water Bodies of the Water Framework Directive Common Implementation Strategy

February 2000 to September 2003
As part of the EU Water Framework Directive Common Implementation Strategy (EU WFD CIS), a working group was established to develop European guidance on the process of identification and designation of Heavily Modified & Artificial Water Bodies (HMWB & AWB). Ecologic has provided scientific, technical and conceptual support to the CIS Working Group on HMWB (WG 2.2). Read more

NGOs in International Environmental Policy

January 2000 to January 2002

This project analyses the importance of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and the relationship between the legal basis and the practical influence of NGOs in different areas of international environmental governance.

The importance of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) in international environmental co-operation has increased tremendously over the last decades. Accordingly, the participation of non-governmental actors has become a prominent subject for research, resulting in a dynamically growing body of literature on the subject, especially in the legal and social sciences.Read more

Assessing the 5th Environmental Action Programme and the Cardiff Process

January 2000 to December 2000

The 5th Environmental Action Programme and the Cardiff Process constitute fundamental components in European environmental policy that will shape the architecture of European environmental policy in the coming years. Against this background the project "Assessing the 5th Environmental Action Programme and the Cardiff Process" traces the development of these initiatives and evaluates them from an environmental perspective.

In the course of the project two studies are produced to evaluate theRead more


Finding and Implementing Synergies Between MEAs in Relation to the Conservation and Sustainable Management of Forests

November 1999 to December 2000

Several multilateral environmental agreements relate to forests (e.g. Convention on Biological Diversity, Framework Convention on Climate Change, Ramsar Convention, World Heritage Convention, etc.), but so far their interrelationship is not synergistic.

The challenge of finding synergy is an important one in its own right, but has become all the more urgent given the recent establishment of the UN Forum on Forests. This project seeks to derive recommendations on how to enhance synergy by examining the issue at the global, EU and national level. To examine the implementation issues inRead more


Scientific Basis for a Precautionary Soil Protection

September 1999 to November 1999
This project's report outlines the existing opportunities for extensive precautionary soil protection from a scientific point of view. It will be a part of the expert report "Possibilities for an Extensive Soil Protection" of the Scientific Advisory Council for Soil Protection of the German Federal Ministry of Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety.Read more

Environment and Security: Research Requirements and Research Priorities

August 1999 to December 1999

The German Federal Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF) asked Ecologic in cooperation with the Swiss Peace Foundation to undertake a study on environmental conflict.

During the 1990s, the term "environmental security" became a buzzword for social sciencists within the realms of environment and security policy-making and in peace and conflict studies. As a result of the academic and political debate which employed differing definitions of "environment and security," this issue area soon lost its conceptional sharpness.

The German Federal Ministry forRead more


First European Soil Forum

June 1999 to March 2000
Aiming to create a common basis for the development of soil protection policies and to facilitate the exchange of experiences between the representatives of European Member States and other European Countries the First European Soil Forum took place from 24 until 26 November 1999 in Berlin.Read more

Fisheries and the Environment: Outline of Research

March 1999 to August 2000
In the course of this project Ecologic identifies, documents and evaluates the deficits of national and international research projects dealing with the integration of environmental considerations into fishing. The outcoming study serves to support the preparation of the 5th International North Sea Conservation Conference.Read more


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